Terra Cotta Warriors
Mausoleum of the First Emperor of’ the Qin Dynasty and the Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses
The Mausoleum of the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty (221–206 ,B.C.) is located 36 kilometers east of Xi’an, capital of Shaanxi Province, 5 kilometers east of Lintong County. The whole cemetery occupies an area of eight square meters and the mound stands 5.5 meters high. This first and largest imperial mausoleum in China still remains to be excavated.
In 1974, there vaults containing terra-cotta figures were found 1.5 kilometers east of the mausoleum. Eight thousand pottery soldiers, hundreds of chariots and a large number of real weapons were unearthed from these vaults. In 1980, two large bronze horse chariots were found. Exhibition halls were set up over the three vaults where the restored terra-cotta warriors and horses are on display. Discovery of the buried legion has aroused great interest all over the world, making it the world’s eighth wonder listed in the “Records of World’s legacies.
In December,1987 The Qin Shi Huang’s Mausoleum and his Terracotta Army was listed in the Chronology of Recognition of World Heritages in China.
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