Chanthaburi, commonly called Muang Chan, is another major eastern seaside province which has, played an important role in the history of the nation both before and during the Rattanakosin (Bangkok) Period. It is wealthy and rich in natural resources. Particularly gemsin addition to the plentiful field of tropical fruits including Rambutan, Durian, Mangosteen and Langsad. Products from the seas are also extensive. It is also blessed with natural beauties and attractions equal to any sister provinces. Chanthaburi is about 245 kilometers from Bangkok and 110 kilometers from Rayong.
The climate is tropical. Generally warm and humid with abundant rainfall of average 6 months. Average temperature is around 28.13? c. The best months are November through February.
Tha Luang Road in front of the Taksin Military Barracks within town limit. Opposite stands an old building erected during the reign of King Rama VI which was formerly the town hall.
The Taksin barracks are situated in an area where the old town once stood. There are ancient temples in town such as Wat Bot Muang and Wat Klang.
Located in the public park near the town hall on Liap Noen Road, is the Taksin Maharat Memorial. The equestrian statue is guarded by statues of his four royal guards. the expression on the king’s face clearly shows the resoluteness and determination to carry out the task of restoring the national independence. The large pond in the park serves as a popular recreation area and is stocked with a large variety of fish.
Si Chan Road is the commercial area and centre of gem business. Even though actual gem-mining in the province is not as extensively as it used to be, Chanthaburi remains a major centre for gem dealings with stones from neighbouring countries and abroad being bought and sold. The Gems Market during the mornings of Friday, Saturday and Sunday attracts large crowd of gem dealers and visitors alike.
Going across the Chanthaburi River from Si Chan Road and taking a left turn 1 kilometre from the bridge, 800 meters off the main road is Wat Phai Lom. The Rama III-era ubosot features wall murals on all four sides portraying the story of Lord Buddha with Chinese floral designs as well as illustrations of foreigners with must have been commissioned after the time of his reign. There is also a ubosot of western architectural influence attesting to Chanthaburi’s artistic and cultural contact with the western world.
The Catholic Church on Chanthanimit Road on the river bank is the largest Catholic edifice in Thailand. Built in 1909, it is of Gothic architectural style. The original tall roof was taken down during World War II to make it less conspicuous as a possible target.
Wat Thong Thua 4 kilometres from town on Sukhumvit Highway, is the site of an ancient Bot which was built over a Khmer-style temple. It also has a large collection of ancient Khmer sculptures such as lintels, sandstone door columns carve in various designs and inscription stone. Nearby is the Muang Phaniat archaeological site with its remains of laterite base of a large Khmer religious sanctuary and moats marking the town limit the south. The ancient town is believed to have been dated from the 12th-16the centuries B.E. (Buddhist Era). Now within the grounds of the Rambhai Barni Rajabhat Institute, Wang Suan Ban Kaeo used to be the residence of the late Queen Rambhai Barni, royal consort of King Rama VII. She was instrumental in developing the local Chanthabun mats made from reed. Today, the palace houses her personal effects and products made from the Kok reeds and Chanthabun mats of lovely patterns.